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Tyson Foods eliminirat će ljudske antibiotike u proizvodnji piletine do 2017. godine

Tyson Foods eliminirat će ljudske antibiotike u proizvodnji piletine do 2017. godine


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Tyson namjerava ukloniti ljudske antibiotike iz svoje kokoši u sljedeće 2 godine

'Infekcije rezistentne na antibiotike globalna su zdravstvena briga', priznao je Donnie Smith, predsjednik uprave Tysona.

Tyson Foods, jedan od najvećih svjetskih prerađivača mesa, najavio je da je "nastojao eliminirati upotrebu ljudskih antibiotika iz svojih jata brojlera u SAD -u do kraja rujna 2017." Tysonove farme brojlera, gdje se pilići uzgajaju radi mesa, već rade bez antibiotika, a tvrtka je ove godine usvojila hranu bez antibiotika.

Usred sve većeg polja istraživanja koje ukazuje na opasnosti povezane s upotrebom ljudskih antibiotika za liječenje stoke-praksa za koju FDA kaže da je najveća u povijesti-tvrtke poput Perduea i McDonald'sa također su se nedavno obvezale na postupno ukidanje ljudskih antibiotika .

Predviđeno je da će potez McDonald’sa, koji je jedan od najvećih kupaca piletine u zemlji, imati široko rasprostranjen učinak na ostatak peradarske industrije, što je evidentno u novom razvoju tvrtke Tyson. U priopćenju za javnost, tvrtka je naznačila da Tysonovo međunarodno poslovanje poduzima slične mjere za smanjenje ovisnosti o antibioticima, ali nije postavilo rok.

"Infekcije rezistentne na antibiotike globalna su zdravstvena briga", rekao je Donnie Smith, predsjednik i izvršni direktor tvrtke Tyson Foods. “Uvjereni smo da su naši proizvodi od mesa i peradi sigurni, ali želimo učiniti svoj dio da odgovorno smanjimo ljudske antibiotike na farmi kako bi ti lijekovi mogli nastaviti djelovati kada su potrebni za liječenje bolesti. S obzirom na napredak koji smo već postigli u smanjenju antibiotika u brojlera, vjerujemo da je realno postići nulu do kraja naše fiskalne godine 2017. ”

Kasnije ove godine Tyson Foods će također početi surađivati ​​sa svojim dobavljačima na smanjenju uporabe ljudskih antibiotika na farmama goveda, svinja i purana.


Tyson će prekinuti upotrebu humanih antibiotika u svojim kokošima do 2017

Tyson Foods, jedan od najvećih proizvođača mesa u zemlji, rekao je u utorak da planira eliminirati upotrebu ljudskih antibiotika u proizvodnji piletine do 2017. godine.

Tvrtka je neko vrijeme radila na tom cilju, prošle godine je prestala koristiti antibiotike u svojim mrijestilištima, a ove je godine usvojila hranu bez antibiotika.

Tada je McDonald's, prostrani lanac restorana koji je jedan od najvećih Tysonovih kupaca, u ožujku rekao da planira u sljedeće dvije godine osloboditi svoje lance opskrbe piletinom liječenom antibioticima važnim za ljudsku medicinu.

U to su vrijeme zdravstveni zagovornici i ulagački analitičari predviđali da će Tyson poduzeti posljednje korake za uklanjanje lijekova iz proizvodnje piletine. Tvrtka je u priopćenju za javnost rekla da će početi sastajati se sa skupinama poljoprivrednika koji proizvode Tyson svinjetinu, puretinu i govedinu prema ugovoru kako bi došli do plana za uklanjanje uporabe antibiotika u svojim programima.

"Infekcije rezistentne na antibiotike globalna su zdravstvena briga", rekao je Donnie Smith, predsjednik i izvršni direktor tvrtke Tyson Foods. "Uvjereni smo da su naši proizvodi od mesa i peradi sigurni, ali želimo učiniti svoj dio odgovornosti odgovorno smanjiti ljudske antibiotike na farmi kako bi ti lijekovi mogli nastaviti djelovati kada su potrebni za liječenje bolesti."

Federalni regulatori sve su glasniji u izražavanju zabrinutosti zbog uporabe antibiotika u stočarstvu jer je sve više bakterijskih patogena pokazalo otpornost na takve lijekove. Godine 2013., Centri za kontrolu i prevenciju bolesti procijenili su da se najmanje dva milijuna Amerikanaca godišnje razboli zbog infekcija otpornih na antibiotike i da najmanje 23 000 uslijed toga umre.

Vladina zabrinutost privukla je pažnju potrošača, koji su također sve svjesniji kako se njihova hrana proizvodi, a prehrambene tvrtke i restorani koriste više oznaka "bez antibiotika" kao marketinške alate koji im ponekad omogućuju da odrede višu cijenu.

Perdue, drugi veliki proizvođač piletine, rekao je prošle jeseni da je iz svojih mrijestilišta eliminirao ljudske antibiotike, što je posljednji korak u dugom procesu smanjenja ovisnosti o takvim lijekovima. I dalje koristi antibiotike koji se ne koriste u humanoj medicini, kao i Tyson.


Tyson Foods planira smanjiti broj antibiotika koji se koriste u ljudskim jatima u 2017

CHICAGO, 28. travnja (Reuters) - Tyson Foods Inc, najveći američki proizvođač peradi, planira do rujna 2017. eliminirati uporabu ljudskih antibiotika u svojim jatima pilića - što je jedan od najagresivnijih rokova koje je dosad odredila jedna američka tvrtka za perad.

Div piletine i mesa sa sjedištem u Arkansasu također je rekao da radi na načinima da smanji takvu praksu droga na farmi u svojim drugim poslovima s proteinima, koji uključuju svinjetinu i govedinu.

Taj potez označava posljednji napor stočarske i prehrambene industrije da smanje uporabu antibiotika ključnih za zdravlje ljudi u proizvodnji mesa.

Vlasti su zabrinute da bi rutinsko hranjenje životinja antibioticima moglo potaknuti stvaranje superbakterija otpornih na antibiotike kod ljudi, stvarajući opasnost po zdravlje.

Tysonov potez, najavljen u utorak ujutro, ima za cilj pomoći tvrtki da ispuni rok koji je nedavno naznačio McDonald's Corp da američki restorani postupno prestanu kupovati piletinu uzgojenu s ljudskim antibioticima u sljedeće dvije godine.

No tvrtka, ključni dobavljač piletine u McDonald'su, rekla je u izjavi za Reuters kako su njezini planovi dio stalnih napora i "nadilaze jednog kupca".

Tyson je rekao da također formira radne skupine s neovisnim poljoprivrednicima, dobavljačima tvrtki, veterinarima i drugima kako bi razgovarali o tome kako razviti ideje za smanjenje uporabe antibiotika vitalnih za borbu protiv infekcija ljudi u američkim lancima opskrbe govedinom, svinjetinom i puretinom.

Radne skupine počet će se sastajati ovog ljeta.

Iako je veterinarska uporaba antibiotika legalna, rasle su kontroverze oko rutinskog hranjenja antibioticima koji su važni za ljude inače zdravim kokošima, govedima i svinjama u pokušaju da spriječe bolesti i pomognu životinjama da brže rastu.

Tyson je rekao da je već prestao koristiti sve antibiotike u svojih 35 mrijestilišta brojlera te je smanjio ljudske antibiotike koji se koriste za liječenje svojih pilića brojlera za više od 80 posto od 2011. Tvrtka je rekla da zahtijeva veterinarski recept kada se antibiotici koriste na farmama brojlera.

"S obzirom na napredak koji smo već postigli u smanjenju antibiotika u brojlera, vjerujemo da je realno postići nulu do kraja fiskalne 2016. godine", rekao je Donnie Smith, predsjednik i izvršni direktor Tyson Foodsa.

Ranije ovog mjeseca Wall Street Journal izvijestio je da će Pilgrim's Pride Corp., drugi po veličini američki prerađivač peradi u SAD-u, do 2019. smanjiti sve antibiotike s četvrtine svoje proizvodnje piletine.

Suparnički prerađivač peradi Perdue Farms Inc. rekao je Reutersu da se više od 95 posto pilića koje proizvodi uzgaja bez antibiotika odobrenih za ljudsku uporabu, a više od polovice uzgaja se bez ikakvih antibiotika.

Lanac sendviča Chick-fil-A 2014. godine dao je svojim proizvođačima pet godina da ispune svoju obvezu da piletina ne sadrži antibiotike. Perdue je glavni dobavljač Chick-fil-A.

Tyson je surađivao s farmaceutskim tvrtkama za stoku i drugima na testiranju različitih alternativa antibioticima za zaštitu ptica, od probiotika do eteričnih ulja dobivenih iz biljnih ekstrakata, rekla je tvrtka za Reuters.

Međutim, za liječenje bolesnih ptica potrebne su i alternative ljudskim antibioticima, rekla je tvrtka. Pruža sredstva za ubrzanje istraživanja prevencije bolesti i alternativnih antibiotika koji će se koristiti na farmama.

Tyson je odbio reći koliko će tvrtka potrošiti na financiranje stočnih lijekova i alternativnih proizvoda.

Neki stručnjaci iz peradarske industrije kažu da se mogućnosti lijekova koji nisu humani za liječenje određenih bolesti pilića brojlera mogu ograničiti, te kažu da farmaceutske tvrtke za životinje sporo ulažu u razvoj novih antibiotika samo za piletinu.

Tyson je rekao da planira ispuniti svoj rok za prekid antibiotika za 2017. godinu, ali moglo bi biti nekih iznimaka.


Tyson će prekinuti upotrebu ljudskih antibiotika u američkih pilića do 2017. godine

Chicago | Reuters –– Tyson Foods, najveći američki proizvođač peradi, planira do rujna 2017. eliminirati uporabu ljudskih antibiotika u svojim jatima, što je jedan od najagresivnijih rasporeda koje je do sada postavila jedna američka tvrtka za perad.

Tvrtka iz piletine i mesa sa sjedištem u Arkansasu također je u utorak priopćila da radi na načinima da smanji takvu praksu droga na farmi u svojim drugim poslovima s proteinima, koji uključuju svinjetinu i govedinu.

Taj potez označava posljednji napor stočarske i prehrambene industrije da smanje uporabu antibiotika ključnih za zdravlje ljudi u proizvodnji mesa.

Stručnjaci za javno zdravstvo i savezni regulatori zabrinuti su da bi rutinsko hranjenje životinja antibioticima moglo potaknuti stvaranje superbakterija otpornih na antibiotike kod ljudi, stvarajući opasnost po zdravlje.

Taj potez Tysona pomoći će tvrtki da ispuni rok koji je nedavno utvrdio McDonald's za svoje američke restorane da postupno prestane kupovati piletinu uzgojenu s ljudskim antibioticima u sljedeće dvije godine.

No Tysonov raspored nije bio sinkroniziran s rasporedom McDonaldsa, kojem je Tyson vodeći dobavljač piletine, rekao je u utorak na konferencijskom pozivu predsjednik uprave Donnie Smith.

Odmak od ljudskih antibiotika u peradarskoj industriji ne očekuje se da će promijeniti Tysonove troškove, rekla je tvrtka, a dio je stalnih napora koji nadilaze McDonaldove.

Korištenje antibiotika u goveda, svinja

Vijest su pohvalile grupe za javno zdravstvo i zagovaranje potrošača, koje napominju da su se tri najveća proizvođača piletine u zemlji obvezala prekinuti rutinsku uporabu antibiotika. Kritičari kažu da će sada biti pritisak da mesne tvrtke prenesu te promjene na svoje jedinice za govedinu i svinju.

Smith je u utorak rekao da Tyson ne zna koja se količina medicinski važnih antibiotika koristi na farmi za druge tvrtke u proizvodnji mesa, jer ne posjeduje svu stoku niti kontrolira proizvodnju ili opskrbu hranom.

Tyson kontrolira svoj lanac opskrbe piletinom od početka do kraja, od posjedovanja ptica do opskrbe ljekovitom hranom za ugostitelje koji za njih uzgajaju brojlere. No, od nezavisnih poljoprivrednika kupuje svinje, goveda i purane.

“Ne znamo ’ne znamo jer ne posjedujemo te životinje#, rekao je Smith.

Da bi bio jasniji, Tyson formira radne skupine s neovisnim poljoprivrednicima, dobavljačima tvrtki, veterinarima i drugima kako bi razgovarali o tome kako se antibiotici koriste na farmi i razvili ideje za smanjenje uporabe lijekova vitalnih za borbu protiv infekcija ljudi u američkoj govedini, svinjetini i lanci opskrbe puretine.

Radne skupine počet će se sastajati ovog ljeta. Tyson nije postavio vremenski okvir niti ciljeve smanjenja za smanjenje upotrebe ljudskih antibiotika u drugim poslovima s proteinima, rekli su dužnosnici tvrtke.

“To je isti izazov s kojim se McDonald ’s suočio sa svojim poslovanjem s piletinom,#rekao je Steven Roach, viši analitičar u zagovaračkoj skupini Keep Antibiotics Working. “Mada Tyson trenutno ne može kontrolirati taj lanac opskrbe, oni mogu, poput McDonalda, postaviti zahtjeve svojim dobavljačima da rade drugačije. ”

Iako je veterinarska uporaba antibiotika legalna, rasle su kontroverze oko rutinskog hranjenja antibioticima koji su važni za ljude inače zdravim kokošima, govedima i svinjama u pokušaju da spriječe bolesti i pomognu životinjama da brže rastu.

Tyson je rekao da je već prestao koristiti sve antibiotike u svojih 35 mrijestilišta brojlera te je smanjio ljudske antibiotike koji se koriste za liječenje brojlera od 2011. godine. Tvrtka je rekla da zahtijeva veterinarski recept kada se antibiotici koriste na farmama brojlera.

Promjene u industriji

Ranije ovog mjeseca, Wall Street Journal izvijestio je da će Pilgrim ’s Pride, drugi najveći prerađivač peradi u zemlji, do 2019. smanjiti sve antibiotike s četvrtine svoje proizvodnje piletine.

Suparnički prerađivač peradi Perdue Farms rekao je Reutersu da se više od 95 posto pilića koje proizvodi uzgaja bez antibiotika odobrenih za ljudsku upotrebu, a više od polovice uzgaja se bez ikakvih antibiotika.

Godine 2014. lanac sendviča Chick-fil-A dao je svojim proizvođačima pet godina da ispune svoju obvezu da prestanu koristiti antibiotike za piletinu. Perdue je glavni dobavljač Chick-fil-A.

Tyson je surađivao s farmaceutskim tvrtkama za stoku i drugima na testiranju različitih alternativa antibioticima za zaštitu ptica, od probiotika do eteričnih ulja dobivenih iz biljnih ekstrakata, rekla je tvrtka.


Povezani članci

Zagovornici javnog zdravlja pohvalili su najavu tvrtke.

"Nadamo se da će više restorana i trgovaca iskoristiti povećanu ponudu i svojim kupcima učiniti dostupnim smanjene mogućnosti antibiotika", rekao je Steve Roach, viši analitičar zagovaračke grupe Keep Antibiotics Working.

"Iako industrija piletine u cjelini čini velike pomake u smanjenju prekomjerne upotrebe antibiotika, postavlja se pitanje: Zašto industrija puretine, svinjetine i govedine toliko zaostaje?"

Bivši glavni znanstvenik u Upravi za hranu i lijekove, Jesse Goodman, rekao je da je "ohrabrujuće vidjeti sve veću svijest u industriji i među potrošačima da su antibiotici dragocjeni resursi i da ih treba koristiti samo kada je to potrebno za zdravlje životinja ili ljudi. ” Goodman je direktor Sveučilišnog centra Georgetown za pristup medicinskim proizvodima, sigurnost i upravljanje.

[Gledate li priče o hrani poput ove? Prijavite se za četverotjednu besplatnu probnu verziju Agri-Pulse pretplata kako biste bili u toku s ovim i drugim ag, ruralnim politikama i pitanjima energije.]

Bijela je kuća prošlog mjeseca objavila strategiju za borbu protiv rezistencije na antibiotike koja potvrđuje korake koje je FDA poduzela kako bi postepeno prestala koristiti medicinski važne antimikrobne lijekove za poticanje rasta, dobrovoljnom suradnjom proizvođača lijekova, te zahtijevala veterinarski nadzor nad svim ostalim upotrebama antibiotike.

Plan također poziva na proučavanje opsega problema na farmama i postavlja planove za ubrzanje razvoja novih lijekova koje proizvođači mogu sigurnije koristiti.


Tyson planira eliminirati ljudske antibiotike iz svojih pilića

Tyson Foods, najveći proizvođač peradi u zemlji, kaže da će prestati hraniti svoje piliće antibioticima koji se koriste za liječenje ljudi.

Tvrtka kaže da planira eliminirati lijekove iz svojih jata brojlera - pilića uzgojenih za meso - do rujna 2017. godine.

Poljoprivrednici koji uzgajaju stoku često dodaju antibiotike u stočnu hranu nastojeći liječiti bolesti i spriječiti njihovo širenje. Dodavanje niske razine antibiotika u hranu može također pomoći životinjama da brže rastu, a pakiranje kilograma učinilo je antibiotike popularnim dodatkom u hrani.

Problem je u tome što prekomjerna upotreba antibiotika može dovesti do sojeva bakterija otpornih na liječenje, često nazvanih "super bube", kako je ranije izvijestio naš Kristofor Husted.

Dodavanjem antimikrobnih lijekova stoci u malim dozama, "odabrali bismo otporne organizme koji bi zatim prošli kroz okoliš ili prehrambeni lanac u ljude", rekao je Mike Apley, profesor veterinarske medicine na Sveučilištu Kansas State.

To može dovesti do opasnih, neizlječivih bolesti kod ljudi.

Američka uprava za hranu i lijekove zatražila je od farmaceutskih tvrtki 2013. da dobrovoljno ukinu uporabu antimikrobnih lijekova koji potiču rast stoke.

Glavni igrači u stočarstvu poput Perduea i Pilgrim's Pridea smanjili su upotrebu antibiotika. McDonald’s je prošlog mjeseca rekao da će prestati posluživati ​​meso kokoši koje su liječene antibioticima koji su medicinski važni za ljudsku medicinu.

Kritičari upotrebe antibiotika u životinja kažu da je ovo veliki potez ne samo za pejzaž, već predstavlja presedan za sve proizvođače mesa u SAD -u

"Ovo će doista biti nova norma za piletinu", rekla je Sasha Stashwick, viša zagovornica programa hrane i poljoprivrede Vijeća za obranu Nacionalnih resursa. "I lanci opskrbe puretinom, svinjetinom i govedinom mogu početi nastojati napraviti istu promjenu."

Doista, Tyson kaže da radi sa svojim drugim sektorima mesa na smanjenju uporabe antibiotika. Stashwick je rekao da je ovaj novi standard u skladu sa potražnjom potrošača za mesom bez antibiotika u SAD-u

"Znamo da proizvodnja antibiotskog mesa i peradi počinje s malim udjelom u ukupnoj proizvodnji mesa, ali raste jako brzo", rekla je. "Svake godine raste otprilike 25 do 30 posto, a to uvelike pokreću potrošači."

Najava ne znači da će Tysonovi pilići biti bez antibiotika, kako je istaknuo Dan Charles iz NPR -a:

Tyson će i dalje koristiti klasu antibiotika zvanu ionofore koji se ne koriste za liječenje ljudi. Ako bakterije razviju otpornost na ionofore, liječnike nije briga, jer ionako nikad ne koriste ionofore.


Oglas

Međunarodno poslovanje tvrtke Tyson Foods opredijeljeno je za poduzimanje sličnih mjera o upotrebi antibiotika u svojim globalnim operacijama piletine, ali nije postavilo vremenski okvir.

Tyson ispituje načine za smanjenje ljudskih antibiotika u goveda, svinja i purana

Tyson Foods također formira radne skupine s neovisnim poljoprivrednicima i drugima u lancima opskrbe govedine, svinjetine i puretine kako bi razgovarali o načinima smanjenja uporabe ljudskih antibiotika na farmama goveda, svinja i purana. Te će se skupine početi sastajati u ljeto 2015.

Tvrtka kaže da neće ugroziti dobrobit životinja

Tyson Foods planira surađivati ​​s prehrambenom industrijom, vladom, veterinarskim, zdravstvenim i akademskim zajednicama te osigurati sredstva za ubrzanje istraživanja o prevenciji bolesti i alternativama antibioticima na farmi. Tvrtka također dobiva doprinos od svog Savjetodavnog odbora za dobrobit životinja, koji se sastoji od neovisnih savjetnika.

"Jedna od naših temeljnih vrijednosti je služiti kao odgovorni upravitelji životinja - nećemo dopustiti da bolesne životinje pate", rekao je Smith. "Vjerujemo da je naša odgovornost pomoći u postizanju održivih rješenja za ovaj izazov radeći s našim lancima opskrbe piletinom, puretinom, govedinom i svinjetinom."


Tyson Foods planira smanjiti ljudske antibiotike u jatima piletine u SAD -u do 2017

CHICAGO (Reuters) - Tyson Foods Inc, najveći proizvođač peradi u SAD -u, planira do rujna 2017. eliminirati uporabu ljudskih antibiotika u svojim jatima, što je jedan od najagresivnijih rokova koje je dosad odredila jedna američka tvrtka za peradarstvo.

Div piletine i mesa sa sjedištem u Arkansasu također je rekao da radi na načinima da smanji takvu praksu droga na farmi u svojim drugim poslovima s proteinima, koji uključuju svinjetinu i govedinu.

Taj je potez posljednji napor stočarske i prehrambene industrije da smanje uporabu antibiotika ključnih za zdravlje ljudi u proizvodnji mesa.

Vlasti su zabrinute da bi rutinsko hranjenje životinja antibioticima moglo potaknuti stvaranje superbakterija otpornih na antibiotike kod ljudi, stvarajući opasnost po zdravlje.

Tysonov potez, najavljen u utorak ujutro, ima za cilj pomoći tvrtki da ispuni rok koji je nedavno naznačio McDonald's Corp da američki restorani postupno prestanu kupovati piletinu uzgojenu s ljudskim antibioticima u sljedeće dvije godine.

No tvrtka, ključni dobavljač piletine u McDonald'su, rekla je u izjavi za Reuters kako su njezini planovi dio stalnih napora i "nadilaze jednog kupca".

Tyson je rekao da također formira radne skupine s neovisnim poljoprivrednicima, dobavljačima tvrtki, veterinarima i drugima kako bi razgovarali o tome kako razviti ideje za smanjenje uporabe antibiotika vitalnih za borbu protiv infekcija ljudi u američkim lancima opskrbe govedinom, svinjetinom i puretinom.

Radne skupine počet će se sastajati ovog ljeta.

Iako je veterinarska uporaba antibiotika legalna, rasle su kontroverze oko rutinskog hranjenja antibioticima koji su važni za ljude inače zdravim kokošima, govedima i svinjama u pokušaju da spriječe bolesti i pomognu životinjama da brže rastu.

Tyson je rekao da je već prestao koristiti sve antibiotike u svojih 35 mrijestilišta brojlera te je smanjio ljudske antibiotike koji se koriste za liječenje brojlera od 2011. godine. Tvrtka je rekla da zahtijeva veterinarski recept kada se antibiotici koriste na farmama brojlera.

"S obzirom na napredak koji smo već postigli u smanjenju antibiotika u brojlera, vjerujemo da je realno postići nulu do kraja naše fiskalne godine 2016.", rekao je Donnie Smith, predsjednik i izvršni direktor Tyson Foodsa.

Ranije ovog mjeseca, Wall Street Journal izvijestio je da će Pilgrim's Pride Corp., drugi najveći američki prerađivač peradi u SAD-u, do 2019. smanjiti sve antibiotike s četvrtine svoje proizvodnje piletine.

Suparnički prerađivač peradi Perdue Farms Inc. rekao je Reutersu da se više od 95 posto pilića koje proizvodi uzgaja bez antibiotika odobrenih za ljudsku uporabu, a više od polovice uzgaja se bez ikakvih antibiotika.

Lančić za sendviče Chick-fil-A 2014. godine dao je svojim proizvođačima pet godina da ispune svoju obvezu da piletina ne sadrži antibiotike. Perdue je glavni dobavljač Chick-fil-A.

Tyson je surađivao s farmaceutskim tvrtkama za stoku i drugima na testiranju različitih alternativa antibioticima za zaštitu ptica, od probiotika do eteričnih ulja dobivenih iz biljnih ekstrakata, rekla je tvrtka za Reuters.

Međutim, za liječenje bolesnih ptica potrebne su i alternative ljudskim antibioticima, rekla je tvrtka. Pruža sredstva za ubrzanje istraživanja prevencije bolesti i alternativnih antibiotika koji će se koristiti na farmama.

Tyson je odbio reći koliko će tvrtka potrošiti na financiranje stočnih lijekova i alternativnih proizvoda.

Neki stručnjaci iz peradarske industrije kažu da se mogućnosti lijekova koji nisu humani za liječenje određenih bolesti pilića brojlera mogu ograničiti, te kažu da farmaceutske tvrtke za životinje sporo ulažu u razvoj novih antibiotika samo za piletinu

Tyson je rekao da planira ispuniti svoj rok za prekid antibiotika za 2017. godinu, ali moglo bi biti nekih iznimaka.

"Nećemo ugroziti dobrobit životinja samo da bismo tamo stigli", rekao je Smith. "Koristit ćemo najbolje dostupne tretmane kako bi naši pilići bili zdravi, pod veterinarskim nadzorom."


Tyson Foods će prekinuti upotrebu ljudskih antibiotika u američkih pilića do 2017

CHICAGO (Reuters) - Tyson Foods Inc <TSN.N >, najveći američki proizvođač peradi, planira do rujna 2017. eliminirati uporabu ljudskih antibiotika u svojim jatima, što je jedan od najagresivnijih rasporeda koje je do sada postavila jedna američka tvrtka za perad .

Tvrtka iz piletine i mesa sa sjedištem u Arkansasu također je u utorak priopćila da radi na načinima da smanji takvu praksu droga na farmi u svojim drugim poslovima s proteinima, koji uključuju svinjetinu i govedinu.

Taj potez označava posljednji napor stočarske i prehrambene industrije da smanje uporabu antibiotika ključnih za zdravlje ljudi u proizvodnji mesa.

Stručnjaci za javno zdravstvo i savezni regulatori zabrinuti su da bi rutinsko hranjenje životinja antibioticima moglo potaknuti stvaranje superbakterija otpornih na antibiotike kod ljudi, stvarajući opasnost po zdravlje.

Tajsonov potez pomoći će tvrtki da ispuni rok koji je nedavno utvrdio McDonald 's Corp <MCD.N > da američki restorani postupno prestanu kupovati piletinu uzgojenu s ljudskim antibioticima u sljedeće dvije godine.

No Tysonov raspored nije bio sinkroniziran s rasporedom McDonalda, kojem je Tyson vodeći dobavljač piletine, rekao je izvršni direktor Donnie Smith u utorak na konferencijskom pozivu.

Odmak od ljudskih antibiotika u peradarstvu ne očekuje se da će promijeniti Tysonove troškove, rekla je tvrtka, a dio je stalnih napora koji nadilaze McDonald's.

ANTIBIOTIČKA UPORABA U STOČARI, SVOJIMA

Vijesti su pohvaljene od strane skupina za javno zdravstvo i zagovaranje potrošača, koje napominju da su se tri najveća proizvođača piletine u zemlji obvezala prekinuti rutinsku uporabu antibiotika. Kritičari kažu da će sada biti pritisak da mesne tvrtke prenesu te promjene na svoje jedinice za govedinu i svinju.

Smith je u utorak rekao da Tyson ne zna koja se količina medicinski važnih antibiotika koristi na farmi za druge tvrtke u proizvodnji mesa, jer ne posjeduje svu stoku niti kontrolira proizvodnju ili opskrbu hranom.

Tyson kontrolira svoj lanac opskrbe piletinom od početka do kraja, od posjedovanja ptica do opskrbe ljekovitom hranom za ugostitelje koji za njih uzgajaju brojlere. No, od nezavisnih poljoprivrednika kupuje svinje, goveda i purane.

& quotNe znamo jer ne posjedujemo te životinje & quot ;, rekao je Smith.

Da bi bio jasniji, Tyson formira radne skupine s neovisnim poljoprivrednicima, dobavljačima tvrtki, veterinarima i drugima kako bi razgovarali o tome kako se antibiotici koriste na farmi i razvili ideje za smanjenje uporabe lijekova vitalnih za borbu protiv infekcija ljudi u američkoj govedini, svinjetini i lanci opskrbe puretine.

Radne skupine počet će se sastajati ovog ljeta. Tyson nije postavio vremenski okvir niti ciljeve smanjenja za smanjenje upotrebe ljudskih antibiotika u drugim poslovima s proteinima, rekli su dužnosnici tvrtke.

"Isti je izazov s kojim se McDonald's suočio sa svojim poslovanjem s piletinom", rekao je Steven Roach, viši analitičar u zagovaračkoj skupini Keep Antibiotics Working. & quotIako Tyson trenutno možda ne kontrolira taj opskrbni lanac, oni mogu, poput McDonalda, od svojih dobavljača zahtijevati da rade drugačije. & quot

Iako je veterinarska uporaba antibiotika legalna, rasle su kontroverze oko rutinskog hranjenja antibioticima koji su važni za ljude inače zdravim kokošima, govedima i svinjama u nastojanju da se spriječi bolest i pomogne životinjama da brže rastu.

Tyson je rekao da je već prestao koristiti sve antibiotike u svojih 35 mrijestilišta brojlera te je smanjio ljudske antibiotike koji se koriste za liječenje brojlera od 2011. godine. Tvrtka je rekla da zahtijeva veterinarski recept kada se antibiotici koriste na farmama brojlera.

Ranije ovog mjeseca Wall Street Journal izvijestio je da će Pilgrim 's Pride Corp <PPC.O >, drugi najveći prerađivač peradi u zemlji, do 2019. smanjiti sve antibiotike s četvrtine svoje proizvodnje piletine.

Suparnički prerađivač peradi Perdue Farms Inc rekao je Reutersu da se više od 95 posto pilića koje proizvodi uzgaja bez antibiotika odobrenih za ljudsku uporabu, a više od polovice uzgaja se bez ikakvih antibiotika.

U 2014. godini, lanac sendviča Chick-fil-A dao je svojim proizvođačima pet godina da ispune svoju obvezu da piletina ne sadrži antibiotike. Perdue je glavni dobavljač Chick-fil-A.

Tyson je surađivao s farmaceutskim tvrtkama za stoku i drugima na testiranju različitih alternativa antibioticima za zaštitu ptica, od probiotika do eteričnih ulja dobivenih iz biljnih ekstrakata, rekla je tvrtka.

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Bitkoinova volatilnost stvara novu alternativu kripto bilance

(Bloomberg)-Korporativni rizničari kojima je dosta najnižih povrata gotovine uskoro će dobiti još jedan korak iz svijeta kriptovaluta.Circle Internet Financial Ltd., jedna od tvrtki za digitalnu imovinu koja stoji iza takozvanog stabilcoin-a nazvanog USDC koji je vezan 1 prema 1 za dolar, pripremio je alternativu legijama previše konzervativnim da slijede poput Elona Muska i Jacka Dorseyja u Bitcoin. Parkirajte svoj dodatni novac u USDC-u i zaradite čak 7% godišnje putem računa s visokim prinosima, kaže marketing-više od 10 puta veći povrat od iznimno sigurnog jednogodišnjeg trezorskog zapisa. Ideja bi mogla biti privlačna nekim rizničarima koji su u početku bili zavedeni velikim dobicima u kriptovalutama, osobito nakon pada od približno 40% bitcoina od sredine travnja. Stabilni novčići, poput USDC -a, dobivaju povećanu pozornost zbog svoje sposobnosti održavanja svojih klinova tijekom divljih promjena cijena kripto, što ukazuje na to da bi oni zapravo mogli poslužiti kao skladište vrijednosti. Uprkos tome, nisu svi dugoročni promatrači digitalnog tržišta uvjereni: "Ako tvrtke žele staviti svoje korporativne rezerve u stabilan novac i to je u potpunosti revidirano, to je kao da svoj novac stavljaju na bankovni račun, što obično rade" John Griffin, profesor financija na Sveučilištu Texas u Austinu, rekao je u e -poruci. “Međutim, ako račun isplaćuje veći prinos od prinosa na bankovnom računu, onda se ne ulaže samo u neku imovinu bez rizika.” Evo kako će Circleov program funkcionirati: blagajnici bi otvorili “račun u digitalnim dolarima” fiat novac tvrtke pretvara se u USDC, a kamate se isplaćuju u USDC. Prinos se generira tako što Circle posuđuje digitalne dolare mreži institucionalnih ulagača koji su spremni platiti kamatu za pristup dodatnom kapitalu. Tvrtke bi zaključile svoj povrat pri otvaranju računa, slično bankovnoj potvrdi o pologu . Circle planira ponuditi račune s dospijećem od mjesec dana do godinu dana, bez dopuštanja prijevremenog podizanja sredstava. Dostupne stope ažurirat će se tjedno, ovisno o potražnji za zajmovima USDC -a. To je malo lošije od strategije koju je prošle godine prvi put istaknuo glavni izvršni direktor MicroStrategy Inc. Michael Saylor, koji se zalagao za ulijevanje rezervi tvrtki u Bitcoin jer je rekao da dolar raste zbog rastuće inflacije. Muskovo februarsko priopćenje da je Tesla Inc. u svoju bilancu dodalo Bitcoin pomoglo je potaknuti reli koji je najveću kriptovalutu u travnju doveo do rekordne vrijednosti prije nego što je izgubila više od jedne trećine vrijednosti. „Korporativne rezerve nisu za ulaganje u dionice, odlazak u Vegas ili nešto nestabilnije i namještenije protiv vas poput Bitcoina ", rekao je Griffin. S nekoliko tvrtki izvan kripto područja koje slijede MicroStrategy, Teslu i Dorsey's Square Inc. u Bitcoin, Circle se nada da bi stabilni novčići mogli biti sljedeći logičan korak. Tvrtka surađuje s Genesis Global Capital, jednim od najvećih zajmodavaca kriptovaluta. Usluga će prvo biti dostupna u SAD -u i Švicarskoj, a bit će pokrenuta "uskoro", rekao je u intervjuu Jeremy Allaire, izvršni direktor Circlea. Tisuće tvrtki već je na listi čekanja, prema Circle-u. "Vidimo da prilika za korištenje trezora jako raste", rekao je Allaire. Ostali pružatelji stabilnih kovanica objavljuju slične ponude. On May 26, Gemini exchange -- the brainchild of the Winklevoss brothers -- said investors can earn up to 7.4% annually on Gemini dollars through a program called Gemini Earn. The Gemini token is also pegged to the dollar and its reserves are held with State Street Bank and Trust, the largest financial custodian in the world. Each month, the dollar deposit balance is examined by BPM LLP, an independent registered public accounting firm.USDC reserves are attested to monthly by accounting firm Grant Thornton LLP and published online.Various small crypto lenders already offer yield accounts for different coins, including less regulated stablecoins like Tether.For these products, “appropriate users would be people who invest in junk bonds or similar risky lending,” said Aaron Brown, a crypto investor and writer for Bloomberg Opinion. “It might offer a better risk-adjusted return than alternatives. . . or not. But whatever it is, it’s not a savings account in the way most people understand that term.”More stories like this are available on bloomberg.comSubscribe now to stay ahead with the most trusted business news source.©2021 Bloomberg L.P.

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This Time Is Different: Outside OPEC+, Oil Growth Stalls

(Bloomberg) -- “This time is different” may be the most dangerous words in business: billions of dollars have been lost betting that history won’t repeat itself. And yet now, in the oil world, it looks like this time really will be.For the first time in decades, oil companies aren’t rushing to increase production to chase rising oil prices as Brent crude approaches $70. Even in the Permian, the prolific shale basin at the center of the U.S. energy boom, drillers are resisting their traditional boom-and-bust cycle of spending.The oil industry is on the ropes, constrained by Wall Street investors demanding that companies spend less on drilling and instead return more money to shareholders, and climate change activists pushing against fossil fuels. Exxon Mobil Corp. is paradigmatic of the trend, after its humiliating defeat at the hands of a tiny activist elbowing itself onto the board.The dramatic events in the industry last week only add to what is emerging as an opportunity for the producers of OPEC+, giving the coalition led by Saudi Arabia and Russia more room for maneuver to bring back their own production. As non-OPEC output fails to rebound as fast as many expected -- or feared based on past experience -- the cartel is likely to continue adding more supply when it meets on June 1.‘Criminalization’Shareholders are asking Exxon to drill less and focus on returning money to investors. “They have been throwing money down the drill hole like crazy,” Christopher Ailman, chief investment officer for CalSTRS. “We really saw that company just heading down the hole, not surviving into the future, unless they change and adapt. And now they have to.”Exxon is unlikely to be alone. Royal Dutch Shell Plc lost a landmark legal battle last week when a Dutch court told it to cut emissions significantly by 2030 -- something that would require less oil production. Many in the industry fear a wave of lawsuits elsewhere, with western oil majors more immediate targets than the state-owned oil companies that make up much of OPEC production.“We see a shift from stigmatization toward criminalization of investing in higher oil production,” said Bob McNally, president of consultant Rapidan Energy Group and a former White House official.While it’s true that non-OPEC+ output is creeping back from the crash of 2020 -- and the ultra-depressed levels of April and May last year -- it’s far from a full recovery. Overall, non-OPEC+ output will grow this year by 620,000 barrels a day, less than half the 1.3 million barrels a day it fell in 2020. The supply growth forecast through the rest of this year “comes nowhere close to matching” the expected increase in demand, according to the International Energy Agency.Beyond 2021, oil output is likely to rise in a handful of nations, including the U.S., Brazil, Canada and new oil-producer Guyana. But production will decline elsewhere, from the U.K. to Colombia, Malaysia and Argentina.As non-OPEC+ production increases less than global oil demand, the cartel will be in control of the market, executives and traders said. It’s a major break with the past, when oil companies responded to higher prices by rushing to invest again, boosting non-OPEC output and leaving the ministers led by Saudi Arabia’s Abdulaziz bin Salman with a much more difficult balancing act.Drilling DownSo far, the lack of non-OPEC+ oil production growth isn’t registering much in the market. After all, the coronavirus pandemic continues to constrain global oil demand. It may be more noticeable later this year and into 2022. By then, vaccination campaigns against Covid-19 are likely to be bearing fruit, and the world will need more oil. The expected return of Iran into the market will provide some of that, but there will likely be a need for more.When that happens, it will be largely up to OPEC to plug the gap. One signal of how the recovery will be different this time is the U.S. drilling count: It is gradually increasing, but the recovery is slower than it was after the last big oil price crash in 2008-09. Shale companies are sticking to their commitment to return more money to shareholders via dividends. While before the pandemic shale companies re-used 70-90% of their cash flow into further drilling, they are now keeping that metric at around 50%.The result is that U.S. crude production has flat-lined at around 11 million barrels a day since July 2020. Outside the U.S. and Canada, the outlook is even more somber: at the end of April, the ex-North America oil rig count stood at 523, lower than it was a year ago, and nearly 40% below the same month two years earlier, according to data from Baker Hughes Co.When Saudi Energy Minister Prince Abdulaziz predicted earlier this year that “‘drill, baby, drill’ is gone for ever,” it sounded like a bold call. As ministers meet this week, they may dare to hope he’s right.More stories like this are available on bloomberg.comSubscribe now to stay ahead with the most trusted business news source.©2021 Bloomberg L.P.

Earnings to Watch Next Week: Zoom, Advance Auto Parts, Lululemon and Cooper Companies in Focus

Following is a list of company earnings scheduled for release May 31-June 4, along with earnings previews for select companies. Next week’s earnings are probably not much significant for major market movements, but it is adequate to gauge investors’ sentiment.

Stock Splits Are Back. So Is the Debate Over Whether They Matter

(Bloomberg) -- Stock splits are back in vogue among big U.S. companies, reviving a debate about whether the practice that had fallen out of favor for years is worth the fuss.Last week, Nvidia Corp. became the eighth company in the S&P 500 Index to announce a split in the past year, joining big names like Apple Inc. and Tesla Inc. That’s the most over a comparable period in six years, according to data compiled by Bloomberg.The surge in splits comes amid a rally that’s pushed share prices of almost 600 stocks in the Russell 3000 Index above $100. Yet that has done little to settle the age-old-argument among investors about whether such stock-price engineering has any bearing on performance. In fact, recent developments such as soaring retail trading and fractional share ownership have only heated things up.“Arithmetically, there’s no merit to the notion that stock splits work,” said Mark Lehmann, chief executive officer of JMP Securities LLC. “But there is an optical hesitancy for certain stocks at certain prices and there is a segment of the investing public where that will never change.”The primary motivation cited by companies doing splits is simple: to make each share cheaper to buy. Nvidia, whose share price has more than quadrupled since the start of 2019 to reach almost $650, said in a statement announcing its 4-for-1 stock-split plan that its aim was to “make stock ownership more accessible to investors and employees.” A representative for the chipmaker declined to comment further.Once a reliable hallmark of bull-market exuberance, the practice had until recently fallen out of favor. In 2006 and 2007, when stocks were again setting records, there were 47 splits in the S&P 500. Three companies -- Nvidia, Paccar Inc. and Cummins Inc. -- even split twice. In 2019, there were only two.For Julian Emanuel, chief equity and derivatives strategist at BTIG, it’s harder to make the case for splitting a stock these days because of the rise of commission-free trading and brokerages offering fractional shares. Those developments “have largely rendered irrelevant the dollar value of a company’s share price,” he said in an interview.Brokerages like Robinhood now let investors buy a slice of a share for as little as $1 rather than forking over, say, more than $2,300 for a single share of Google-parent Alphabet Inc.Limited Benefits A look at the data backs up the case against splits providing long-term benefits to stock performance. The shares of companies that have split outperformed the S&P 500 on average in four of the last five years in the year the split was announced, according to Bloomberg data. The calendar year following the move, however, those same shares underperformed four of the five years.The recent rash of stock splits has sparked speculation that other large technology companies like Amazon.com Inc. that boast four-digit share prices may be next. Amazon split its stock three times in 1998 and 1999 and hasn’t done one since. Shares of the e-commerce giant trade around $3,200 and have gained more than 5,000% since its last split.Regardless of what the historical-performance record shows, the surge in retail trading over the past year may be altering the calculus for companies when it comes to evaluating splits.U.S. retail investors are now second in share trading only to market makers and independent high-frequency traders, according to Larry Tabb, director of market structure research at Bloomberg Intelligence. The retail segment is now larger than quantitative investors, hedge funds and traditional long-only participants, said Tabb.“A lot of investing is driven by psychology,” said Kevin Walkush, a portfolio manager with Jensen Investment Management. “Now, rather than a retail investor facing the challenge of buying a fractional share, a stock split means they can buy it outright. It just opens up the market that much more for retail investors.”More stories like this are available on bloomberg.comSubscribe now to stay ahead with the most trusted business news source.©2021 Bloomberg L.P.

Memorial Day gas prices are the highest in 7 years — here's how to fight back

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Sunak pushes Biden for tougher global tax deal

Rishi Sunak is pushing the United States to agree to tougher rules on the tax paid by tech giants as part of a global corporation tax overhaul. Finance ministers from the G7 will meet this week to thrash out the biggest reforms to global tax rules in a generation in a bid to ensure multinational companies pay their fair share. President Joe Biden has proposed a minimum global corporation tax rate of 15pc as well as new rules forcing the world's largest 100 companies to pay taxes based on the location of their customers, rather than where they book profits. The plans are aimed to preventing multinationals from shifting profits to low-tax jurisdictions - a growing problem that is feared will deprive governments of revenues as they try to recover from the pandemic. However, the UK is holding out on backing America's plans for a minimum corporation tax rate as it seeks more assurances over the tax treatment of big tech companies such as Facebook, Amazon and Google. The Chancellor told the Mail on Sunday: "We understand why an agreement on global corporation tax is important to our American friends. We need them to understand why fair taxation of tech companies is important to us. "There's a deal to be had and I'm urging the US - and all of the G7 - to come to the table next week and get it done."

Putin Is Betting Coal Still Has a Future

(Bloomberg) -- European governments are drawing up plans to phase out coal, U.S. coal-fired power plants are being shuttered as prices of clean energy plummet, and new Asian projects are being scrapped as lenders back away from the dirtiest fossil fuel.And Russia? President Vladimir Putin’s government is spending more than $10 billion on railroad upgrades that will help boost exports of the commodity. Authorities will use prisoners to help speed the work, reviving a reviled Soviet-era tradition.The project to modernize and expand railroads that run to Russia’s Far Eastern ports is part of a broader push to make the nation among the last standing in fossil fuel exports as other countries switch to greener alternatives. The government is betting that coal consumption will continue to rise in big Asian markets like China even as it dries up elsewhere.“It's realistic to expect Asian demand for imported coal to increase if conditions are right,'' said Evgeniy Bragin, Deputy Chief Executive Officer at UMMC Holding, which owns a coal company in western Siberia’s Kuzbass region. “We need to keep developing and expanding the rail infrastructure so that we have the opportunity to export coal.’’The latest 720 billion ruble ($9.8 billion) project to expand Russia’s two longest railroads — the Tsarist-era Trans-Siberian and Soviet Baikal-Amur Mainline that link western Russia with the Pacific Ocean— will aim to boost cargo capacity for coal and other goods to 182 million tons a year by 2024. Capacity already more than doubled to 144 million tons under a 520 billion ruble modernization plan that began in 2013. Putin urged faster progress on the next leg at a meeting with coal miners in March.“Russia is trying to monetize its coal reserves fast enough that coal will contribute to GDP rather than being stuck in the ground,” said Madina Khrustaleva, an analyst who specializes in the region for TS Lombard in London.Putin is betting that his country’s land border with China and good relations with President Xi Jinping make it a natural candidate to dominate exports to the nation that consumes more than half of the world’s coal. His case is helped by the fact that Australia, currently the number one coal exporter, is facing trade restrictions from China amid a diplomatic dispute over the origins of the coronavirus.But the plan is fraught with risk, both for Russia’s economy and the planet. The UN's Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change recommends immediate phasing out of coal to avoid catastrophic global warming and the effects of climate change are expected to cost Russia billions in coming decades. Earlier this month the International Energy Agency went one step further and said no new fossil-fuel infrastructure should be built if the world wants to keep global warming will below 1.5 degrees Celsius. With all but one of the top 10 economies committed to reaching net-zero emissions within decades, the IEA's Net Zero by 2050 Roadmap calls for phasing out all coal power plants without carbon capture as soon as 2040.It’s also not a given that Asian coal demand will keep growing. Coal consumption in China is poised to reach a record this year and the country continues to build coal-fired power plants, but it also plans to start reducing consumption starting in 2026. At the same time it's increasing output from domestic mines, leaving less room for foreign supplies. Even in the IEA's least climate-friendly scenarios, global coal demand is expected to stay flat in 2040 compared to 2019.A coal strategy approved by the Russian government last year envisages a 10% increase in coal output from pre-pandemic levels by 2035 under the most conservative scenario, based on rising demand not just from China, but also India, Japan, Korea, Vietnam and possibly Indonesia.The relatively low sulphur content of Russian coal might give it an edge in Korea, which has tightened pollution laws in recent years, but other Asian countries have struggled to secure funding for proposed plants and Indonesia said this week it won’t approve any new coal-fired power plants. At a Group of Seven nations meeting, environment ministers agreed to phase out support for building coal power plants without carbon capture before the end of this year.For Putin there is more at stake than just money. At a video conference in March, he reminded government officials that the coal industry drives the local economies of several Russian regions that are home to about 11 million people. Unrest among coal miners helped put pressure on the government before the Soviet Union collapsed in 1991, though the sector is now a much smaller and less influential part of the economy.“We need to carefully assess all possible scenarios in order to guarantee that our coal mining regions are developed even if global demand decreases,” Putin said. The country’s biggest coal producers are privately run, meaning they aren’t facing the kind of financing problems currently being encountered by listed companies elsewhere as banks pull back funding for dirty energy. Suek Plc, owned by billionaire Andrey Melnichenko, and Kuzbassrazrezugol OJSC, controlled by Iskander Makhmudov, are both planning to increase output. Russia also plans to boost coal production for steel making. A-Property, owned by Russian businessmen Albert Avdolyan, bought the Elga coal mine in Russia’s Far Eastern region of Yakutia last year and plans to invest 130 billion rubles to expand output to 45 million tons of coal from the current 5 million tons by 2023. A third stage of Russia’s railroad expansion project will focus on boosting infrastructure for shipping coal out of Yakutia, a Russian Railways official said last month.“In 2021, many Asia Pacific states have seen their economies recover from the pandemic,” said Oleg Korzhov, the CEO of Mechel PJSC, one of Russia’s biggest coal companies. “We expect that demand for metallurgical coal in Asia Pacific will remain high in the next five years.”More stories like this are available on bloomberg.comSubscribe now to stay ahead with the most trusted business news source.©2021 Bloomberg L.P.

Is Gold Set to Tear Even Higher? Four Key Charts to Watch

(Bloomberg) -- Just when the vaccine rollout and economic optimism left gold looking like last year’s metal, it staged a recovery.Bullion is one of the best-performing commodities this month, erasing almost all of this year’s losses. Investors have been lured back by gold’s appeal as an inflation hedge, while the Federal Reserve maintains its monetary stimulus and says price pressures should prove temporary. Spot gold rose 0.4% on Friday, capping a fourth straight weekly gain.Diego Parrilla, who runs the Quadriga Igneo fund, is among those who recently boosted their exposure to gold, saying that central banks won’t risk increasing interest rates to combat inflation for fear of “pricking the enormous bubbles” they’ve created.“We have entered a new paradigm that will be dominated by deeply negative real interest rates, high inflation, and low nominal rates -- an extremely supportive environment for gold,” said Parrilla, who manages $350 million.Still, gold is ultimately a haven asset which conventional logic suggests should suffer as the economy booms. So can the latest rally be sustained? Here are four key charts to watch.Inflation ConundrumIt’s been the hottest question in finance this year, and probably the biggest one for gold: will current inflationary pressures be transitory or persistent?If you ask the Fed, the answer is the former. Parts of bond market disagree, with market-based measures of long-term inflation expectations rising to the highest since 2013 earlier this month.That’s a sweet-spot for gold, which benefits when monetary policy keeps bond rates low even as inflation persists. Real yields on Treasuries have slipped deeper into negative recently, burnishing the appeal of bullion.Where they go next will be critical. Any hint the Fed may taper because of inflation or labor market strength could see bond rates spike -- triggering a repeat of the taper tantrum seen in the wake of the financial crisis, when gold dropped 26% in the space of six months.“The position I think you get to is a place where it gets to be very vulnerable to the taper narrative,” said Marcus Garvey, head of metals strategy at Macquarie Group Ltd.On the other hand, anything that drags on the global economic recovery -- be it poor jobs data or new virus variants -- should see real yields plunge, benefiting the metal.Dollar DriverThe dollar has been another important driver of gold this year. After initially strengthening as the U.S. vaccination program outpaced the rest of the world, it’s declined since March as other nations closed the gap, providing a tailwind for the precious metal.Most analysts don’t see much movement in the dollar going forward, with the median forecast compiled by Bloomberg suggesting only a slight strengthening.If they’re wrong, be it due to divergence in the global recovery or surprising hawkishness from other nations’ central banks, the implications for bullion could be significant.Investor DemandGold’s poor start to the year came as exchange-traded funds cut their holdings of the metal by 237 tons in the four months through to April. Hedge funds trading on Comex also reduced their exposure to the lowest since 2019 in early March.In the second quarter, flows have started to reverse. If that picks up steam, gold could find another leg higher.“There is still potentially a lot of pent-up investment demand,” said Ole Hansen, head of commodity strategy at Saxo Bank A/S. “Still, positions are relatively small.”Others, including Aegon NV’s Robert Jan Van Der Mark, who cut his exposure to gold in November after vaccines were announced, remain to be convinced.“With vaccination rollout on track and economies reopening, we have less appetite for a safe haven/stagflation type of assets in the portfolio,” he said.Bitcoin BounceOften touted as digital bullion, Bitcoin’s rally in the first months of the year was demoralizing for gold bulls. The two assets are both favored by those fearful of hyperinflation and currency debasement, so the cryptocurrency’s outperformance may have turned the heads of would-be bullion buyers.Bitcoin has dropped about 40% from its mid-April high, with substantial outflows from funds. Gold could be a beneficiary.(An earlier version of this story corrected spelling of the central bank in the second paragraph.)More stories like this are available on bloomberg.comSubscribe now to stay ahead with the most trusted business news source.©2021 Bloomberg L.P.

Globant Says It Bought Bitcoin in Q1

With the purchase, the Luxembourg-based company becomes the latest company to hold cryptocurrency on its balance sheet.

Fourth stimulus check in jeopardy while the last payments keep dwindling

Will President Biden and Congress provide more relief? It's looking iffy.

ESG investment as important as divestment from fossil fuels: former Bank of England governor

Since leaving the top post at the Bank of England last year, former Governor Mark Carney has arguably been the most vocal advocate, in urging financial institutions to align themselves with emissions goals of the Paris climate agreement. But as shareholders increasingly step up pressure, and lawmakers call for stricter regulations around climate disclosures, Carney says fossil fuel divestments shouldn’t be the sole focus of tackling the global crisis.

Virgin Galactic Sued by Investor Over SPAC’s Accounting Issues

(Bloomberg) -- Virgin Galactic Holdings Inc. was sued by an investor who claims he lost money when the space-tourism company announced that it would restate its results due to regulatory guidance about the accounting treatment of warrants.The Las Cruces, New Mexico-based company said on April 30 that it would have to restate its 2020 results because of accounting guidance of regulators related to special purpose acquisition companies, or SPACs. The next trading day, its shares fell 9%. The company combined with Social Capital Hedosophia, run by former Facebook executive Chamath Palihapitiya, and went public in October 2019.The Securities and Exchange Commission set forth new guidance in April that warrants, which are issued to early investors in the deals, might not be considered equity instruments and may instead be liabilities for accounting purposes. In a SPAC, early investors buy units, which typically includes a share of common stock and a fraction of a warrant to purchase more stock at a later date. They’re considered a sweetener for backers and many companies treated them as equity instruments for accounting purposes.The investor, Shane Lavin, said in the lawsuit filed Friday in federal court in Brooklyn, New York, that Virgin Galactic and its executives knew that the results they were reporting were wrong. They are seeking class-action status for their lawsuit. Many other SPACs have made or are considering similar restatements due to the accounting treatment of warrants.Virgin Galactic’s stock has been volatile. Since May 3, the day of the price drop that Lavin is suing over, its shares have climbed 55%.Representatives of Virgin Galactic didn’t immediately respond to a request for comment.The case is Lavin v. Virgin Galactic Holdings Inc., 21-cv-03070, U.S. District Court, Eastern District of New York (Brooklyn).More stories like this are available on bloomberg.comSubscribe now to stay ahead with the most trusted business news source.©2021 Bloomberg L.P.

Bond Traders Look to Jobs for Taper Clues While Cash Glut Grows

(Bloomberg) -- The glut of spare cash in dollar funding markets is combining with inflation concerns to stoke debate among investors about just how soon the Federal Reserve might have to take its foot off the accelerator.Bond traders are keenly attuned to the buildup of dollars in short-term interest-rate markets, an overabundance reflected in the amount of money sitting and earning absolutely nothing at the Fed’s reverse repo facility. For some, that’s yet another sign that the so-called quantitative easing program ought to be dialed back from its current pace of $120 billion a month, although others say that the central bank facility is acting like it should, as a safety valve, and also point to the other factors fueling the oversupply.Either way, the cash pile --and whether the usage of the Fed’s facility resumes its upward trajectory after slipping on Friday -- is set to be a key focus for traders in the coming week along with crucial U.S. jobs data, which may give clues about just how strong growth and inflation really are.“Progress toward achieving the dual mandate should be the biggest factor” driving decisions about policy tightening, said Credit Suisse Group AG strategist Jonathan Cohn, referring to the Fed’s twin goals on employment and consumer prices.The drumbeat of policy makers making noises about when the Fed should debate tempering its asset purchases has been quickening, although officials have been careful to say that their views are premised on the economy continuing to power forward and the prospects for sustained inflation. The strength of the upcoming labor market report is therefore set to be a major catalyst for bets about when both tapering and rate hikes might begin to take place, as will the evolution of funding markets.The next central bank policy meeting will take place June 15-16, while there is talk of possible tapering signals coming out of the Kansas City Fed’s annual gathering at Jackson Hole in August.Money-market traders are currently pricing in about 18 basis points worth of Fed rate hikes by the end of next year -- down around 3 basis points from levels late last month. That equates to around a 72% chance of a standard 25 basis-point increase in 2022. Before they even get to that point though, officials need to get through tapering, and most analysts expect there to be a lag before they embark on pushing interest rates higherAsymmetric RiskThe yield on 10-year notes has drifted slightly lower over the past couple of weeks, although it received some support in recent days from reports about government budget proposals and at around 1.59% is firmly entrenched in the range that it’s been in for a few months. Bond-market inflation expectations, as measured by so-called breakeven rates, have also eased back slightly, although they remain within sight of the decade highs they reached earlier in May.Some traders are wary that the upcoming report on May job creation could reignite the move higher in long-term yields. The median forecast of economists surveyed by Bloomberg is for an increase in payrolls of around 671,000 people and a figure of that magnitude or higher could make the prior month’s unexpectedly weak reading seem like a one off. There is also the prospect of a revision to figures for April, which came in at around 266,000 despite earlier predictions for a gain of 1,000,000.“The risks in the market are asymmetric toward higher yields,” said John Briggs, global head of desk strategy at Natwest Markets. “After last month’s payroll figure, economists are being conservative this time, so there’s a chance the actual figure is above consensus. And after that, people will then start to worry about the next consumer price report,” set to be released on June 10.What to WatchThe Treasuries market will be closed Monday for a U.S. holiday. Below are the calendar highlights.The economic calendarJune 1: Markit U.S. manufacturing purchasing managers index construction spending Institute for Supply Management manufacturing gauge Dallas Fed manufacturing indexJune 2: MBA mortgage applications Fed Beige Book vehicle salesJune 3: Challenger job cuts ADP employment change nonfarm productivity weekly jobless claims Langer consumer comfort Markit U.S. services PMI ISM services indicatorJune 4: Monthly jobs report factory, durable goods and capital goods ordersThe Fed calendar:June 1: Fed Vice Chairman for supervision Randal Quarles Fed Governor Lael BrainardJune 2: Philadelphia Fed President Patrick Harker Chicago Fed President Charles Evans Atlanta Fed President Raphael Bostic Dallas Fed President Robert KaplanJune 3: Bostic Kaplan Harker QuarlesJune 4: Fed Chair Jerome Powell takes part in a Bank for International Settlements panel on climate change with European Central Bank President Christine Lagarde and other officialsThe auction calendar:June 1: 13-week bills, 26-week bills, 42-day cash management billJune 3: 4-week bills, 8-week billsMore stories like this are available on bloomberg.comSubscribe now to stay ahead with the most trusted business news source.©2021 Bloomberg L.P.

Mortgage rates dip beneath 3% again, offering new refinance savings

Over 14 million mortgage holders can qualify to save on a refi, new data shows.

Credit Suisse’s RenTech Fund Holds Back Some Client Cash

(Bloomberg) -- Credit Suisse Group is temporarily barring clients from withdrawing all their cash from a fund that invests with Renaissance Technologies.The bank has seen redemption requests prompted by the poor performance of the CS Renaissance Alternative Access Fund, according to people with knowledge of the matter. Assets under management slumped to about $250 million this month, from approximately $700 million at the start of 2020, the people said, asking not to be identified as the matter is private.Redemption demands at the fund trigger a hold back clause, which means clients will receive 95% of their funds after two months, with the remaining 5% expected to be paid out in January, after the fund’s year-end audit, the people said. The hold back mechanism was put in place at the fund’s inception in 2016.The fund lost about 32% last year, in line with the decline in the Renaissance Institutional Diversified Alpha Fund International fund that it invests into, the people said. Renaissance, regarded as one of the most successful quant investing firms in the world, was rocked by billion of dollars in redemptions earlier this year after unprecedented losses in 2020. Three of its funds open to external investors fell by double digits last year.Credit Suisse and Renaissance declined to comment.Credit Suisse is currently under broader scrutiny as new chairman Antonio Horta-Osorio reviews the risk and control functions after the implosion of the bank’s supply-chain finance funds linked to Greensill Capital and the collapse of family office Archegos Capital Management.The Credit Suisse feeder fund was sold as an investment option for rich clients at the bank’s wealth arm.The Renaissance fund, which allows investors to take out money every month, also has the ability to hold back but is not invoking the clause and hasn’t ever done so, according to a person with knowledge of the matter.The fund was up 9.4% this year through May 21 after last year’s losses, the person said. Hold back clauses are a standard part of offer documents at some U.S. based hedge funds.(Updates with details on hold back clause in third paragraph)More stories like this are available on bloomberg.comSubscribe now to stay ahead with the most trusted business news source.©2021 Bloomberg L.P.

US Stocks Marginally Higher as Investors Shrug Off Inflation Surge

Consumer spending rose 0.5% and personal income plunged 13.1% last month. Consumers’ one-year inflation expectations shot up to 4.6%.


America's biggest chicken producer is putting an end to antibiotics in its chicken feed

The Arkansas-based chicken and meat giant also said it is working on ways to curtail such on-farm drug practices at its other protein businesses, which include pork and beef.

The move marks the latest push by the livestock and food industries to reduce the use of antibiotics crucial to human health in meat production.

Authorities are concerned that the routine feeding of antibiotics to animals could spur the creation of antibiotic resistant superbugs in humans, creating a health hazard.

Tyson's move, announced on Tuesday morning, aims to help the company meet a deadline recently outlined by McDonald's Corp. to have its U.S. restaurants gradually stop buying chicken raised with human antibiotics over the next two years.

But the company, a key chicken supplier to McDonald's, said in a statement to Reuters that its plans are part of an ongoing effort and "go beyond one customer."

Tyson said it is also forming working groups with independent farmers, company suppliers, veterinarians and others to talk about how to develop ideas to cut the use of antibiotics vital to fighting human infections in its U.S. beef, pork and turkey supply chains.

The working groups will begin meeting this summer.

While veterinary use of antibiotics is legal, controversy has grown over the routine feeding of antibiotics that are important to humans to otherwise healthy chicken, cattle and pigs in a bid to stave off disease and help the animals grow more quickly.

Tyson said it has already stopped using all antibiotics in its 35 broiler hatcheries and has cut human antibiotics used to treat its broiler chickens by more than 80 percent since 2011. The company said it requires a veterinary prescription when antibiotics are used on its broiler farms.

"Given the progress we've already made reducing antibiotics in our broilers, we believe it's realistic to shoot for zero by the end of our 2016 fiscal year," Donnie Smith, president and chief executive of Tyson Foods, said in a statement.

INDUSTRY SHIFTS

Earlier this month, the Wall Street Journal reported that Pilgrim's Pride Corp., the nation's second-largest U.S. poultry processor, would cut all antibiotics from a quarter of its chicken production by 2019.

Rival poultry processor Perdue Farms Inc. told Reuters more than 95 percent of the chickens it produces are raised without antibiotics approved for human use, and more than half are raised with no antibiotics of any kind.

Sandwich chain Chick-fil-A in 2014 gave its producers five years to meet its commitment to go antibiotic-free for chicken. Perdue is a major supplier to Chick-fil-A.

Tyson has been working with livestock drug companies and others to test a variety of alternatives to antibiotics to protect birds, ranging from probiotics to essential oils derived from plant extracts, the company told Reuters.

However, alternatives to human antibiotics are also needed for treating ill birds, the company said. It is providing funds to help accelerate research into disease prevention and antibiotic alternatives to be used on farms.

Tyson declined to say how much the company will spend to buch such funding of livestock pharmaceuticals and alternatives.

Some poultry industry experts say the options for non-human drugs to treat certain diseases in broiler chickens can be limited, and say animal pharmaceutical firms have been slow to invest for the development of new chicken-only antibiotics.

Tyson said it plans to meet its 2017 antibiotic-withdrawal timeline, but there could be some exceptions.

"We won't jeopardize animal well-being just to get there," Smith said. "We'll use the best available treatments to keep our chickens healthy, under veterinary supervision."


Tyson Joins the Flock on Curbing Antibiotics

Chicken growers like Kentucky farmer Brandon Glenn increasingly are raising birds without the use of antibiotics.

Jacob Bunge

Tyson Foods Inc. plans to largely eliminate antibiotics used in human health from its chicken production, a sweeping move that signals how public pressure over health concerns is rapidly changing a decades-old practice in the meat industry.

Tyson, the largest U.S. meat packer by sales, intends to curtail use of the drugs by the end of September 2017, a decision aimed at allaying mounting public-health concerns over drug-resistant bacteria. The company may still use some antibiotics used in human medicine to treat birds that become sick, and its suppliers will continue to administer antibiotics used solely to prevent and treat animal maladies.

“We think this is the most responsible approach to balancing the global health concern and our commitment to animal well-being,” said Donnie Smith, Tyson’s chief executive, in an interview.

Tyson’s plan, announced Tuesday, is among the biggest in a string of actions by meat producers, restaurant chains and retailers to address fears that widespread antibiotics use in both humans and animals is giving rise to dangerous bacteria that have evolved to resist the drugs. Tyson also is exploring similar moves in swine, cattle and turkey.

McDonald’s Corp. last monthsaid it would drop antibiotics that are important to human health from its chicken dishes within two years, following discussions with suppliers including Tyson. Fast-food chainChick-fil-A Inc. last year pledged to stop selling chicken raised with antibiotics of any kind within five years, following earlier commitments by Panera Bread Co. and Chipotle Mexican Grill Inc.


Gledaj video: Tyson Foods switching out roosters in response to poor hatchability rates and short chicken supply (Lipanj 2022).


Komentari:

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